Legalities in Japan
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Legalities in Japan
Business isn't as easy in some countries as it is here in the UK. You need to be aware of the cultural and legal implications of your business operations, because, in some places, you could face heavy punishment for transgressing.
It is therefore important to acclimatise yourself with the law. There will be many legalities that you will have to adhere to, and you may even find that some laws you are familiar with here in the UK are no longer applicable. Likewise, you may find some new laws which strike you as strange or even oppressive.
The body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which oversees the legal rights of, and restrictions on, employees and their organisations. This will include things such as minimum wage, holiday and maternity entitlement, ergonomics, trade unions, disability, etc.
Japan has a number of laws relevant to labour and the protection of workers. These include: the Labour Standards Law which sets out the minimum standards on working conditions; the Industrial Safety and Health Law which sets out the minimum standards on working conditions regarding health and safety; and the Minimum Wage Law. These laws apply to all corporations in Japan, regardless of whether the employer is Japanese or foreign, or whether the company is foreign or Japanese-registered. They also apply to foreign workers in Japan provided that they meet the definition of workers under these laws.
The body of laws which oversee business and commercial activity. It may encompass such areas as principal and agent; freight and shipping; guarantee; marine, fire, life and accident insurance; bills of exchange and partnership; contracts; food and health regulations; safety laws; privacy rights; copyrights; trademarks; etc.
Civil / Common Law
The body of law that oversees sociality. It is invariably culture specific. It is important to familiarise yourself with these laws, especially as you will be adopting a new environment and culture.