Starting a Business in Japan
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Why Start a Business in Japan?
Japan is probably the most Westernised nation in Asia. You can't really go much further east before arriving back home. Japan practices Western ideology with the unceasing childish extravagance usually reserved for countries like Russia, which have only recently discovered the capitalist playground. Japan has managed the perfect balancing act, the diligent tightrope-walk, between preserving and adopting, seamlessly sewing the Western business ethic into its cultural and historical fabric.
This fascination is not just one-sided, though. Japanese culture has infiltrated many areas of Western life, too. Its art, animation, films, food, literature and sport hold a profound influence on us. The English, especially, love to flaunt their love of sushi, Kurosawa and Murakami. They are our social pretensions and dinner party conversations. And frankly, Japan has never been more name-dropped at the corporate party either.
Japan is relatively accessible in most sectors, mainly due to systematic deregulation over the past two decades, and UK investors are welcomed with idiosyncratic Japanese hospitality, providing they arrive with a long-term promise and a sound market strategy. Japan's economy is generally considered the second largest and successful in the world, with openings in most industries and sectors, from construction and media to food and fashion to healthcare and telecommunications. An entrepreneur's entry options are vaster than Fuji, but far easier to accomplish.
What's the population?
The population of Japan is 126.23 million
Japan is a major economic power and has the world's second largest economy by nominal GDP. Distinguishing characteristics of the Japanese economy include the cooperation of manufacturers, suppliers, distributors and banks; the guarantee of lifetime employment in big corporations; and strong work ethic.
Only a very small amount of Japan's land is suitable for cultivation, therefore a system of terrace farming is used to build in small areas. This system has resulted in one of the world's highest levels of crop yields per unit area; however, the agricultural subsidies and protection are costly to the economy. Japan imports about 50% of its grain and fodder crops other than rice, and it imports most of its supply of meat. In regard to fishing, Japan has the second largest tonnage of fish caught in the world and accounts for nearly 15% of the global catch.
Japan's main export partners are the United States, the European Union, China, South Korea, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Japan's main exports are transport equipment, motor vehicles, electronics, electrical machinery and chemicals. Japan has very limited natural resources to sustain economic development and thus imports most of its raw materials. Its main import partners are China, U.S., the European Union, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Australia, South Korea and Indonesia. Japan's main imports are machinery and equipment, fossil fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles and raw materials; all used for its industries.
Japan has a large industrial capacity and is home to some of the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of electronic equipment, machine tools, metals, ships, motor vehicles, chemicals, textiles and processed foods. Insurance, banking, retailing, transportation, real estate, telecommunications and construction are all major industries in Japan.
Japan is also home to some of the largest financial services companies and business groups such as Sony, Sumitomo, Mitsubishi and Toyota. It is also home to the world's largest bank by asset, Japan Post Bank and others such as Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Mizuho Financial Group and Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group.
Working hours must not exceed 40 hours per week and 8 hours per day, excluding breaks. However, some businesses are permitted to have their employees work up to 44 hours per week with no more than 8 hours per day. These businesses include retail, beauty services, cinemas, theatres, and businesses related to health and hygiene, as well as restaurants and entertainment businesses with less than 10 regular employees.
Employers must grant employees one day off per week or four days off in any four week period.
No less than 45 minutes for working six hours and 1 hour for working eight hours.
Keiretsu (Affiliates): In Japan, business is usually conducted between affiliates of the same corporate group and sometimes it is not easy for non-affiliates to enter into contracts with a corporation who is affiliated.
Nemawashi: If anybody wants to present an idea at a meeting, he/she should first discuss it with all colleagues informally. Therefore when the meeting is held, everyone understands the idea and plan.
Nenko joretsu (seniority system): Although changing, in this system, salaries are decided by age and not according to ability.
Business cards: Exchange of business cards is an obligatory custom at every meeting regarding business. You should make sure you have bi-lingual business cards.
Organisations that can assist with Starting a Business
PEO Worldwide is an international PEO offering employer of record, payroll, employee benefits management, HR and compliance services throughout the world.
Multi-lingual Notaries to notarise, translate and legalise documents for international use
Simplified Global Payroll Companies with global employees often find that managing payroll in multiple countries is complicated - different systems, laws, and languages in each country, lack of reporting, and constantly changing laws and regulations each year. Trying to manage global payroll via fax and email with excel spreadsheets leads to data security issues, fines, and penalties for non-compliance. Blue Marble has solved global payroll challenges with cloud-based technology, aggregated reporting, and a hybrid service model in 135+ countries around the world.
GTP cross cultural trainings and intercultural workshops help global companies in improving their communication, efficiency and profitability when doing business across cultures.
Finding office space abroad poses one of the most difficult changes that many start-ups face. Location, costs, and transport all need to be considered. And, more crucially of all, what office will allow a new business to attract and retain the best staff?