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Camille Cruz Nogueira : France

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Ask the Experts: Camille Cruz Nogueira

French Accounting Expert

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Camille Cruz Nogueira

French Accounting Expert

Camille has been helping International entrepreneurs set-up new business within France & the UK for the last 17 years. With an educational & working knowledge of both the French and English systems, camille's company SEDI is able to offer expert advice and guidance on company formations, payroll, financial and administrative services. SEDI's portfolio of clients is 100% international and has allowed her to built up vast experiences throughout very different legal, tax and social cases in Ireland, UK and France.

France +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71

UK +44 (0) 203 427 5251

www.sedigroup.com/

+33 (0)1 34 05 07 71 or +44 (0) 203 427 5251

  1. hello Camille. i am a lebanese man ,with lebanese nationality only. i wish to start a small business in France with my own money ,in order to live there and run my business in peace .thats all what i wish. please can you help me ,by giving me details on how can i do it as lebanese? and what do i need? thank you and take care . joseph Question from joseph abdel sater on 05/09/2013

    Camille says:

    Dear Joseph,

    Thank you for contacting us.

    To come in France and start your business in France, here are the steps you have to follow:
    1. Having a strong and well advanced business project for the business you want to run in France
    2. Ask for a trader visa from Beyrouth Consulate
    3. They will analyze your project (up to 3 months)
    4. Visa granted
    5. Arrival in France
    6. Some appointments with the prefecture for a residence permit (and pass the medical examination of immigration)

    The main step is the consulate: for the visa is issued, the project must be considered viable.
    For more information do not hesitate to contact us: +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71 (French office) or +44 (0)203 427 5251 (UK office).
    With our best regards


  2. goodday camille my name is earl mosegi i'am the asst to ZAFRAN & GODOFREDO,INC in usa & philippines, we would like to know is there any grants or bank loans or funds that can help a new business in frances the building we have secure. our office in private manufactuer space. we have a joint venture in shanghai china. in our business is makeing mens dress shirts. we do about a million a yeaar. but we need to know what available to us and reference to operator capital. Question from EARL mosegi on 25/07/2013

    Camille says:

    Dear Earl Mosegi,
    France and French Banks are not very keen to advance any funds to a company which is not well known especially if you can not provide any proof of assets covering the risk.
    Some industrial areas benefit some tax deductions during the 1st year of activity providing that you can recruit local people thanks to the financial support of the region - depending where do you want to get established.
    I don't have enough information about your project, to advise you more efficiently at this stage.
    With our best regards
    Camille CRUZ NOGUEIRA

  3. Hi Camille, I have been living in France teaching English for some time and for the last two years I have the status of auto entrepreneur. In addition I recently set up a UK limited compay to handle the invoicing for a distance learning website service that I supply to my clients. With 2 colleagues we are looking at how we can work together to expand our client base. A GIE, a SARL, an SAS? We intend to keep our individual auto entrpreneur status and work as subcontractors. Could we do this with my UK limited company?Could you please give me some advice?Thanks,Sara Question from Sara Lord on 19/06/2013

    Camille says:

    Dear Sara,
    I understand that the auto entrepreneur status can be very attractive, but may i just emphasize the fact that you are invoicing from the UK, services that you provide yourself from France.
    The place of invoicing should be closely linked to the country where the added value in created and where the service is provided. I know that for you, it was the best option on a tax point of view to disminish taxes to be paid on your profit.
    But please be carefull because in case of a Tax control from the French Tax Office, the French Tax authorities will requalify your UK Turnover and will require it is declared under your status of auto-entrepreneur. The status of auto entrepreneur remains valid only until a turn over limit well stipulated for services and rapidly reachable. This status was created for people wishing to declare a second activity or for an activity not generating high income.
    I highly advise you to set up a company in France with your other colleagues in order to gather together all hte activity that you all three wish to develop in France and then you can issue either dividends or payslips based on your profit. Then no Tax administration will be in a position to say that you are trying to hide any French incomes. The French administration does NOT recognise TAX optimization. For France when added value created from France is not declared in France, they consider that Tax payer are performing Tax evasion. Please contact us to regularize your situation or please contact urgently a Chartered Accountant or company agents nearby your place of living.
    Best of luck for your activity and enjoy life in France,
    Camille CRUZ NOGUEIRA

  4. we wish to introduce our company as a manufacturer and exporter of fashion Garments and home textiles based in India. We wish to inform you that we are interested to set up our business in North France through your cooperation and assistance. It is therefore requested you to provide us information in this regard. Your cooperation shall be very much appreciated. Looking forward to hearing from you. Best Regards, Parmod. Style India Garments Question from SABAL SINGH rana on 23/05/2013

    Camille says:

    Dear Parmod,

    Thank you to contact us.
    To be able to advise you efficiently we need to know in details what activity you want to set up in France and what you want to do exactly in order to advice you for an establishment STABLE (Subsidiary, Branch) or NOT STABLE (RFE, Liaison office). The French regulations has different rules regarding this status which will have an impact on the VAT issues, Tax issues etc for your company.
    We can estimate for you after we get more details the Profit & Loss for your project if you wish and assist you to set up your business in France.
    You can find a summary of this status from our website: www.sedigroup.com > information leaflets> French market > then select the company form you are interested in.
    Please do not hesitate to contact us to organise a call meeting to talk about your project:
    SEDI France SARL
    Phone : +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71
    email : info@sedigroup.com
    We look forward to hearing from you.
    Best regards

  5. dear Camille, we are a married couple, have an existing uk photography business. we now have an opportunity to take over and look after a private property in france long term and live there part/full time.One of us remianing in the uk most of the time to keep the business operating here.. the owner may or may not charge us a rent at this stage. she just wants the house occupied by a trustworthy couple... we have her permission to run leisure activities/gite etc during our stay.we wish to run photographic trips there advertising mainly in the uk and possibly beyond. Is there any possibility we can operate this from the uk company without involving french taxation or opening a company there? i know there are a lot of permutations and restrictions. but in principal is it feasible? If so can you please set me down some guidlines. If we get the go ahead.i will be in touch again. many thanks kevin. Question from kevin monaghan on 10/05/2013

    Camille says:

    Dear Kevin,

    Thank you to contact us.
    You can indeed operate from your UK company but you have to be in order with the leisure& entertainment activities regulations and make sure to have the appropriate insurances to cover you in case of any matters: liability insurance for France, the private property insurance, etc.
    Please find below the government website for the craft, trade and tourism industries: http://www.artisanat-commerce-tourisme.gouv.fr/
    Please do not hesitate to contact us to organise a call meeting to talk about your project in detail:
    SEDI France SARL
    Phone : +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71
    email : info@sedigroup.com
    We look forward to hearing from you.
    Best regards

  6. Hi Camille, me and my husband are looking to set up a small cafe bar/restaurant in paris. My husband currently holds his food hygiene certification within the UK and wondered whether that would be transferable. I am also unsure of the licences for alcohol. We would like to serve both beer and wine, but also digestives which would mean spirits. We would also like to serve the alcohol not just with food. Please can you tell me the requirements of obtaining a licence and how possible this is. We have been living in france for the past three years. Thank you for your help. Louise Question from Louise Mackey on 28/04/2013

    Camille says:

    Hello Louise,

    Regarding the food hygiene certificate, as it is within Europe regulation you are legally able to transfer it following the steps you will find through this website:
    http://www.food-certificate.co.uk. To serve rum and alcohol distilled in France you need to get the Licence Group 4&5. But before to be able to ask for the licence you have to register your company or obtain a “statut d’indépendant”. Your local has to be found before as well. To obtain this Licence you have to : 1/ hold a license (cerfa No. 14407 * 01) valid for 10 years and 2/
    make a declaration (cerfa No. 11542 * 04) at the council (or the police
    headquarters in Paris) at least 15 days before the opening. NB/To obtain
    legal status to the institution, you must report its opening at the center
    of business formalities (CFE) and be registered with the RCS. Please do not
    hesitate do contact us SEDI +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71. Best regards.

  7. Dear Camille I have lived in France for two years and am registered as a carpenter under the AE Micro Simplifier. My workshop is at home (separate barn to my house). I make stairs, windows, doors etc. I am trying to find out what insurance I need? I'm assuming Public Liability is a must, but I'm confused about the garantie décennale insurance as this is very expensive and my work does not involve structural work!? Can you please advise me what I need? Sue Question from Sue Williams on 20/04/2013

    Camille says:

    Dear Sue,
    Thank you for your email. I would recommend you to contact on our behalf our Partner AXA, M.Marc Hanoun at the following email :agence.hanoun@axa.fr. Please feel free to add us (info@sedigroup.com) to your email with the mention « Attn Marc Hanoun suite contact avec SEDI Camille CRUZ NOGUEIRA » on the subject.
    You will have to provide then the following documents:
    - n° SIREN et SIRET + K-Bis => to prove your registration with "la Chambre des Metiers " in France
    - your Curriculum vitae
    - Proof of experience as a carpenter (employment certificate, payslips, diploma ...).
    Please do not hesitate do contact +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71. Best regards.

  8. Hi, I have for the last 3 years been renovating a small village in france, with 6 houses. I am seeking advice to maximise my tax environment. I am a sole trader and live in one of the houses. I want to rent off the other houses under a simple holiday agreement for people staying a month. I have nearly completed the work and have got 4 potential clients. the properties are part furnished or can be fully furnished. clients are not allowed to stay for longer than 11 months. I imagine i will typically have rented 3 properties at anyone time. I am wondering how best to set up the business in order to maximise tax efficiency. I can modify or adopt the business in order to comply with rules that best suit the business. I do not take work in the business as its self managing but i do have someone as a key holder for emergencies. Can you advise the best method to use and how i go about doing this. Chris Large Question from chris large on 18/04/2013

    Camille says:

    Dear Chris,
    Regarding your project I will recommend to organize a meeting with us if you are coming in Paris to see all the opportunities in due to optimize your project.
    Based on the information you provide to us the only thing we can confirm right now is your status of sale trader is not suitable for this type of activities on the Tax point of view. In this case we usually consider the set up of SCI or SARL. Please feel free to visit our website (www.sedigroup.com) or to contact us +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71. Best Regards.

  9. De REFQA FZE RAS EL KHAIMA Activite import -export vetement +electroniques je suis investisseur au FZE RAS EL KHAIMA mon axtivite commericale est dans sa pluparite destine a l'europe je vous demande comment ouvrir une agence en FRANCE pour me faciliter mes transactions - les documents necessaires - frais de loctions des bureaux Question from kabil abdelali on 17/04/2013

    Camille says:

    Bonjour,
    Dans votre situation il est important de savoir quelle est l'activité que vous souhaitez pratiquer via cet établissement en France: Souhaitez-vous uniquement stocker vos produits en France? est-ce pour un contact client? etc. Nous pourrons vous conseiller au mieux sur la structure juridique à mettre en place pour votre établissement qu'après retour de vos précisions concernant son activité.
    Si vous souhaitez par exemple stocker vos produits en France il faudra constituer un établissement stable.
    Concernant les frais de location de bureaux nous pouvons vous conseiller des partenaires. Si besoin, nous pouvons communiquer également en anglais. Contact Sedi France SARL : +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71. Bien cordialement

  10. Hi Camille I'm looking to move to France and would like to set up a business selling t-shirts,where would I nee to start with regards to setting up the business. Thanks Kevin James Question from Kevin James on 01/04/2013

    Camille says:

    Hi Kevin,

    You will need to set up a stable establishment and will recommend the SARL –equivalent of the Private Ltd in UK - (the most common status for SMEs) based on the first information we gave me.
    SARL Incorporation procedure
    - Minimum : 2 shareholders-directors ( EURL = 1 shareholder) & 1 “Gérant” (legal director/officer)
    - Maximun : 50 shareholders
    - Share / Paid up Capital : minimum 1 Euro since Loi Dutreil ( August 2003 ). But Bankers may require a higher paid up capital to accept the opening of your bank account. Assets are very important in France ! Please feel free to ask specific advice on this point.

    Please do not hesitate to visit our website (www.sedigroup.com) and download the “Subsidiary/SARL form” where you will find the main information about it (Information leaflet > French market > Subsidiary/SARL). Otherwise, please do not hesitate do contact +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71.
    Best regards.

  11. Hello Camille, My home-linen company is located in India where we were resident till 2 years ago. Now we are resident in France & am preparing to have a website for this activity. Since I do not know yet how this will take, I wish to start small - an autoentrepreneur status for my son (also French) who resides in Denmark & who will be the administrator of the site. My question is : Is it possible for him to have this status while residing & working & paying taxes in Denmark ? Question from Rehana Lafont on 01/04/2013

    Camille says:

    Hello,
    To be auto-entrepreneur in France you have to live in France. As you son lives in Denmark he can't register under this status. However you might be interested by establishing a Subsidiary or Branch. Please feel free to download the “Subsidiary/SARL form” from our website (www.sedigroup.com) where you will find the main information about it (Information leaflet > French market > Subsidiary/SARL- Branch). Otherwise, please do not hesitate do contact +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71. Best regards.

  12. As a crafts person autoentrepreneur can I work the tourist markets in Spain with my French business registration? Question from Lynn Paradine Paradine on 23/03/2013

    Camille says:

    Hello,
    As an auto-entrepreneur you can sell to Spain as long as you are under the threshold of the Europe's"distance-selling". "VAT of the Member State of destination is applied if sales in that Member State exceed a certain threshold. For the threshold applicable in each Member State , see the Commission's information document "VAT in the European Union" or Thresholds - Annex I.
    As soon as you reach this threshold you have 2 options : 1/ you find a The Fiscal Representative/Agent: Its role is to represent the Foreign Parent company for Tax & VAT issues when a stable establishent is not registered locally & when business transactions are requiring Tax & VAT to be declared locally. 2/ You create an establishment in Spain. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you need further information +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71. Best regards

  13. Hi Camille, I live and have my residence in Monaco but I would like to be auto entrepreneur in France. I'm not European and I want to do this because as a sole trader in Monaco I have to pay for the social security which is high for a business that I'm not sure is going to work. Is it possible to be auto-entrepreneur in France if I have my residence in Monaco and I'm not European? Best Regards Question from Paola Moretti on 18/03/2013

    Camille says:

    Hello,

    To be an auto-entrepreneur you have to reside in France. Because you reside in Monaco this option is not suitable for you.
    However the SARL might be an opportunity for you. Please feel free to download the “Subsidiary/SARL form" from our website (www.sedigroup.com) where you will find the main information about it => (Information leaflet > French market > Subsidiary/SARL).
    Please do not hesitate to contact us to exchange about this option: +33 (0)1 34 05 07 71. Best regards

  14. Hi Camille - we are considering registering USA2Europe with Startupoverseas on the UK page, I was wondering if you would let me know whether you have found it successful for you? Approximately how many inquiries do you receive per month thru this web site? many thanks Andy Hooper - CEO USA2Europe Ltd Question from Andy Hooper on 04/03/2013

    Camille says:

    Dear Andy. Thank you for your email. We have joined Statupoverseas since 2007 and the number of inquiries vary from a month to the other, but the average is around 10 inquiries monthly. Startupoverseas is good opportunity to develop your network and give you an efficient visibility on internet. Best regards.

  15. Hi Camille, we're in the process of setting up a subsidiary company in France, an SARL. We have office address and bank account is almost there (finally!). We are fortunate to have had a couple of solid orders right at the outset and we need to invoice almost immediately. However we do no yet have a TVA ref. Can we send the first invoice without an TVA ref (given that first order will be below the 27,000 chiffre d'affaires threshold) and subsequently amend our invoice documentation to include TVA ref once it is confirmed? Thanks for your help. Rob Question from Rob Walker on 07/02/2013

    Camille says:

    Dear Rob,

    You will be automatically registered by the French Tax Office as soon as they will receive the information from INSEE that your company is fully registered. You become liable to VAT not from the date of registration BUT from the date indicated on your French statutes nearby your signature = your trading starting date.
    By consequence, you have to apply French VAT rate to your sales invoices from 1st invoice issued. Carefully check on your M0 if you apply for VAT Return everymonth or every quarter and update your bookkeeping regularly. Please do not hesitate to visit our website to get some help if necessary. www.sedigroup.com Camille

  16. Dear Camille Many thanks for your time I am an Australian business in the process of starting my operations as a fashion manufacturer. I will be manufacturing in France, operating as an Australian business and wholesaling my product internationally. I was wondering if you might be able to help me with the subject of exporting the finished goods from France? In the case that I have wholesale orders from France or other EU countries I would of course like to send the finished goods from France directly to the purchaser as opposed to exporting to Australia. To operate this way I have a question regarding TVA. How do I navigate the French TVA system in this instance? I of course will have to pay TVA to my factory in France and I would like to know if I can register for TVA credits and debits? How does the system work in France? Many thanks in advance for your help Kind regards Nicole Question from Nicole Banning on 25/01/2013

    Camille says:

    Dear Nicole,

    As a company fully registered in France, you will obtain a French VAT number. This VAT number will allow you to recover VAT paid to your French subcontractors and will make you liable for invoicing French VAT to your clients depending upon their nationality :
    If you invoice non EU companies : 0% VAT / Export
    If you invoice EU Firms having a VAT number in their country of residence / if the goods are tranfered physically : 0% EU VAT agreement
    If you invoice French clients, French VAT rate will apply

    If you want some help to manage the invoices to your client our services should suit your needs, please visit www.sedigroup.com
    Have a nice day,
    Camille CRUZ NOGUEIRA

  17. Dear Camille, I'm a non-EU citizen. I'd like start a small culinary business in France could i start it as a autoentrepreneur. Thanks, Astghik Question from Astghik Sargsyan on 20/01/2013

    Camille says:

    Yes youc an register yourself as an Autoentrepreneur provided you are a French resident - Nationality is not an issue only Tax residency is. Be advised on minimum conditions to respect in the culinary business...
    Camille

  18. Hello Camile. I am asking how to set up a Liaison office in Paris for a Chinese friend, who is going to enter the Europe market. Can he use a virtual office? Thanks Question from Ye Zhang on 16/01/2013

    Camille says:

    Yes you can use a virtual office in a Business centre provided this is approved by the Management of the Business centre and your Chinese friend will have to check that his/her activitis are corresponding to the liaison office in terms of tax issues. Liaison Office are only suitable for representation activities and not for commercial activities generating added value in France that should be submitted to taxes in France. Be very carefull on these issues.
    Please visit www.sedigroup.com
    Camille

  19. Dear Camille, I have a business in France registered under auto entrepreneur scheme.I am not registered for TVA as our turnover is not enough.On all my receipts I have to write that TVA is not applicable. My suppliers (paint products) charge me TVA. Is there anyway of reclaiming the tax I paid to them? Or is there an exemption I can apply for? We are also considering sourcing goods from Holland and Belgium. Will the same apply to these please? Question from Rik Newell on 12/01/2013

    Camille says:

    If you are not registered to VAT, you can not invoice VAT on your sales BUT by consequence as well, you can not deduct VAT paid on your purchases. It would be maybe usufull to review your position towards VAT and reconsider if you should better get registered to VAT in order to be able to deduct VAT regularly. Please note that if you wish to introduce EU Goods to France, your suppliers/subcontrators will have to invoice the VAT of their country of origin IF you can not confirm to them what is your VAT Number in France.
    Be carefull with threeshold concerning the maximum Turn Over admitted through the AUTO ENTREPRENEUR schemes because threeshold is not the same for services and for the sale of goods !
    Hope it will help,
    Camille
    www.sedigroup.com

  20. Hello Camille, I am a foreigner and I am applying to register my business (import and export) in France. I would like to seek your advice on the differences between the various insurances: RAM, Previfrance, Mutuelle Bleue and Santevie? Thank-you. Question from Kenn Lim on 17/12/2012

    Camille says:

    Please contact me to organise an appointment in Paris and will clarify the issue of the insurances with you.
    RAM = social security body for Gérant majoritaire & TNS instead of CPAM/Sécurité Sociale
    Camille @ SEDI FRANCE SARL 00 33 1 34 05 07 71

  21. Dear Camille, I am an Interior Architect. My story is complicated. I am currently working on projects in France, I am an English passport holder, I would like to set up a business but am unsure as to where I should base the business - in the UK or in FRANCE. Question from Lisa Bond on 18/11/2012

    Camille says:

    Dear Lisa,
    Some questions first : what is your country of residence ? If this is France and that you are working on some French projects, your turn over should be declared in France. If you come back regularly to the UK because UK is your country of residence, you can have a company in the UK and work under the name of your UK company for some French projects, provided you have as well UK projects amongst all your projects...This is always a question of residency and place of work.
    If this is not clear, please do not hesiate to give us a call SEDI FRANCE 00 33 1 34 05 07 71 in order to discuss your project further.
    Camille

  22. Good afternoon, Camille, I'm current living in Spain, I'm an EU citizen, looking to start an autoentrepeneur activity in France, without changing the actual residence in Spain. I'm a building biology consultant, rendering some home analysis services, and selling protection products and solutions using an european website (with e-shop). I would like to know if I can establish myself in France as autoentrepeneur being non resident in France, and if, in this case, I should give my Spanish address or a new one in France, which could be just related with the activity, eventually in a office services company. Thank you for your attention. Question from Guilherme Coelho on 08/09/2012

    Camille says:

    Dear Madam, Dear Sir ( not knowing from your email your name or if you are a male or female ) ,

    The Auto-entrepreneur status is only valid for French resident citizen and you need to be FIRST registered at a French Tax Office for your taxable income Self assessment.

    Even if you were able to get a domiciliation in France, that would not be valid.

    Anyway, in France we have different type of legal status for individuals requiring residency in France BUT for corporates as well where the residency of the Legal director is NOT an issue : EURL SARL, SAS... That would be maybe the solution for you as you are not full time in France, having your residency in Spain.

    I suppose your main issue is the VAT issue as you are selling by internet some of your services & products.
    Maybe we could have a phone conversation together in order i have a global overview about how you are structured and in order to be able to render a piece of advice accurate to your global organization. Do not hesitate to call me at SEDI FRANCE 00 33 1 34 05 07 71 or SEDI UK 00 44 203 427 5251;

    Wishing you a nice day,

    Camille CRUZ NOGUEIRA

  23. Dear Camille, Following on from my last question, I would be interested to hear your views on the following. I currently have absolute control with my UK company and would wish to maintain that in the new French company.What are the benefits of either setting up a company in France as a subsiduary of the UK company as opposed to setting up a similar shareholding with the French Company, i.e.controlling at least 75% of the equity in France. In an ideal world I would prefer to have all the controls here in the UK as I live here but the French company will never be centre of operations anyway, merely a bottling plant and export point for shipping to China and probably Russia. There are a number of customs documents that are far simpler to complete within France making life simpler with the BNIC who control all the customs documentation but from a taxation point of view, which would be the more efective for me here in the UK, seperate company or subsiduary? Many thanks, David.B Question from David Baker on 15/08/2012

    Camille says:

    Dear David,

    Having a subsidiary in France give you the possibility to set up an intercompany account between your UK Company and your French Company. If you are the legal Director, and if you own the majority of the shares in the UK, you will also have the full control legally of your french company. The Companies House, the Tax Office and the Bank will recognise you as such.
    The interesting issue with yourself as an individual having 75% of the shares of the French company is that you will benefit the lower Corporation Tax Rate ( 15% up to 38 120 euros of profit) versus the full Corporation tax rate being 36.66 %. Please maintain a minimum of 10 % shareholding between your UK Company and your French company in order to justify cash transfer between the both companies legally.

    I let you contact us to have more details and structure correctly your French company before incorporation. Please do visit our website www.sedigroup.com to get further information and be aware of our full list of services relating to VAT, Customs administrative procedure that we can manage on your behalf. Don't hesitate to call me at SEDI FRANCE 00 33 1 34 05 07 71. I will be in London on the 20th of septembre and again in Octobre on the 8 and 9 if you wish that we meet in the UK.
    With our best regards
    Camille

  24. Hi Camille. How are you? I have been currently living in france La plagne for the past 4 years with my partner. I am currently trying to pass a dance fittness instructor course to teach dance fitness in france. The company is American but their are franchisses worldwide but arent so many instructors in france. I am passing the course in england but look to teach in france. I understand that french laws are differerent then england . Who do I need to contact after I pass the course to be registered as an indepentant worker? do I need a dance/fitness licence to begin? I have never worked independantly befor so need all the advice i can get. Thank you. Kind regards Emily holloway Question from emily Holloway on 06/08/2012

    Camille says:

    Dear Emily,
    I greatly invite you to contact the Sports Ministere in France and to visit their website. I am not an expert in this area but can only confirm that you need a French Diploma to be able to be a Danse instructor in France. Many levels of Diploma exist. Maybe get the various diplomas reference by looking at job advert for such a carreer or try to talk to other Dance Fitness instructor.
    If you have difficulties to go ahead give me a call and i will call myself a sport centre to get the information.
    Best regards
    Camille

  25. Dear Sirs , Appreciate your help in having more info. re establishing a company in France , we are specialized in Sending flowers world wide and we think there is a great opportunity to open a branch/new company in France. what is the min for SARL ? We knew from the internet that the ME (Medi Interprese) is the smallest type of companies but its strictly from French Citizens. we are from Cairo - Egypt and we can get a French partner Looking forward to hearing from you Regards, Hisham Zeineldein Question from Hisham Zeineldein on 28/06/2012

    Camille says:

    Dear Sir,
    "Medi Interprese" is not a French legal type of company structure. Maybe you are talking about "PME" ? or "SME"/TPE" : these words are not refering to a category of legal structure but to a size ...
    Do you have any needs to better know the market flower in France ?
    To get any legal information & tax issues about France, please visit our website www.sedigroup.com and please contact us directly as regulations are so different between Egypt & France.
    With our best regards
    Camille CRUZ NOGUEIRA
    SEDI - Managing Director

  26. Bonjour Madame, Je m'appelle Hugues Prevot, je suis consultant indépendant et facture mes honoraires actuellement à travers du portage. Je souhaiterais me renseigner sur la possibilité d'ouvrir une société à Guernesey, pour facturer mes honoraires. J'aurais quelques questions à Vous poser quant aux conditions d'ouverture de ce type de société. Pourrions-nous en discuter de vive voix quand Vous serez disponible? Cordialement, Hugues Prevot Question from Hugues Prevot on 21/05/2012

    Camille says:

    Monsieur,
    Nous ne sommes pas compétents en ce qui concerne les iles anglo-normandes.
    Si vous souhaitez un jour créer votre propre société en France ou vous mettre à votre compte en direct, n'hésitez pas à nous contacter . Nous sommes également compétents sur UK si vous pouvez justifier d'une activité à l'international majoritairement par rapport à votre activité franco-française.
    Bonne continuation,
    Camille

  27. Hi Camille, I am starting a small photography company in Paris. It's not going to generate much money; it is more of a hobby that I hope one day will grow. I heard that I don't need to register my company with France authorities if I make little income. Is this true? Also, how can I quickly apply for and receive liability insurance? Thank you! Question from Lindsey Kent on 25/04/2012

    Camille says:

    Dear Sir,
    At minima, you need to be registered as an autoentrepreneur and yes, you need to declare something to the authorities if you want to be able to get a liability insurance and be paid for your services. You can also be paid with CESU cheques if you work for indivduals.

    Best of luck,
    Camille

  28. Hi Camille, Do you need to have a work visa in order to start a business in France? Is it possible to start a business and then apply for a visa? Also, as I try to understand start-up costs, could you give me a general estimate for how much cash I would need to cover start-up expenses such as accounting, taxes, and insurance for the first year of operation? For example, an estimated annual revenue of 50,000€/year for a SARL. I've read that you should have enough to cover 3 years worth of expenses when you start because the taxes increase each year. I'd appreciate any knowledge you may have about this. Thank you!! Question from Julie Neis on 22/04/2012

    Camille says:

    IF you are a EU citizen you do not need a work visa to establish a business in France.
    Start up costs to establish a company are about 2000 Euros
    Costs to consider for a running budget for accounting, tax returns and insurance are not based on turn over but on the volume of invoices to handle in the books and the assistance needed. In terms of Insurances, what are you talking about : Liability Insurance for the company, Insurance for your premises, or social contributions due on gross salaries paid to employees or to yourself ??? Please give us more details in order we can assist properly.
    Do not hesitate to call our office at 00 33 1 34 05 07 71 ( France) or 00 44 203 427 5251 ( UK) or to visit www.sedigroup.com.
    Camille

  29. Hi Camille How are you? I have decided the only way to progress my career and my new company is to start networking. I hope it is you that gets this message and not another employee. Are you still involved with APS? Have you been to the UK recently? Sorry thats 3 questions! Very best wishes Simon (Parry) Question from Simon Parry on 21/11/2011

    Camille says:

    Hello Simon ! What a surprise to have some news from you via startupoverseas ! Yes, we are still envolved with APS but only for payroll & social issues. Regarding the audit of accounts they are now liaising only with Sébastien, our partner Chartered accountant. Regarding the UK, yes, i am still going to London for a few days either every 2 months or every month... always on a regular basis as i follow quite a few clients over there which is good to update and increase my practice of accounts in the UK !!! I will be next on the 29th & 30th of Novembre 2011.
    I am very happy to get some news from you! What about your family ? and How are you coping with your new job ? I hope you get more involvements from the managing team than with APS...
    My mobile number is still the same 00 33 6 85 40 06 42 and SEDI telephone number in France is still 00 33 1 34 05 07 71 , and in the UK 0203 427 5251. We'll have soon a new website, so when you will miss too much french lunch or diner do not hesitate to look at it from December ... We have inserted nice pictures !
    Hope to get some news soon, camillesedi@cegetel.net
    Cheers !!!!
    Camille

  30. this website is real or fake? http://www.buyluxuryclothing.com Question from jioca jioca on 13/11/2011

    Camille says:

    This website is real so do not hesitate to contact us via Startup overseas or directly to sedigroup@aol.com Attn Camille
    Have a nice day,
    Camille

  31. can i live in monaco i come from kosovo but i like to live in monaco so can you tell me how needs to whait for the pasport of monaco Question from arbnor januzi on 23/10/2011

    Camille says:

    I am sorry but France & UK are very different from Monaco. You need to search for a contact based in Monaco to help you with it.
    Best regards
    Camille

  32. Dear Camille, Im currently a resident in Monaco, but have been approached by a UK company to work for them, Im not interested in moving to the UK, but i would be very interested to work for that particular company ! Therefore my question to you is, - Can i set up a Consultancy company in Monaco, and work from here if they agree to do so. - Where will I be tax liable ? - Will the UK company still have to pay UK tax on my Conslutancy fee ? or will it be up to me to report it to monaco and thereby no tax will have to be paid ? - How many days will i be allowed in the UK per year with this set up ? - Whats the timeline to get a Consultancy company up running in Monaco. - for this particular set up, will there be any off-shore places where it would be beneficial to set up a consultancy company and then still live in Monaco Looking forward to your reply All the best Klaus Question from Klaus Sorensen on 13/10/2011

    Camille says:

    Dear Klaus,
    Tax rules in Monaco are very specific. To benefit from free taxes in Monaco, you need to live there but not generate profits over there. If this is not the case, you will be submitted to tax rates applicable in Monaco for companies. I am quite experimented for France & the UK, however MONACO is considered different from France especially on Tax aspects. It would be better that you find an expert for Monaco : Chartered accountant or lawyer based in Monaco.
    Wishing you good luck in your project,
    With our best regards
    Camille

  33. Dear Ms. Camille, We have a chocolate bar franchise business out of Bahrain and have been approched by a party to take the franchise rights for France. One issue they noted was the high tax imposed on them for importing the chocolate from Bahrain and additional taxation on the sales. As such they are imposing serious reductions in the royalty fees. Can you kindly advise what tax will be applied for importing chocolate of 100 to 200 kg monthly from Bahrain to France and, what tax is imposed on the sales and turnover of the operations. Your assistance will be highly appreciated. Thanking you and best regards Sonya Question from Sonya Janahi on 03/10/2011

    Camille says:

    Dear Sonya,

    To get confirmation about eventual customs duties rights to be paid to the Customs when importing chocolate, can you give me details concerning what type of chocolate you are talking about. Is the product finished, ready to sell or will it be transformed in France. I can also send to you various free leaflets about having a company in France but you have not included your email address in your message and i can not send forms via startup overseas website.
    I think the main concern will be in relation to Customs duties & vat, as when entering Europe , the import value is considered as the amount exc VAT . VAT in France is 19.6 %. You can then as a business get a vat number in France and get reimbursement on vat on your purchases on a quaterly basis. Sales generated in France will be submitted to VAT at 19.6 % as well. VAT rules are very specific so we'll have to go through each case to analyse how to manage VAT in various cases. All companies and individuals are submitted to VAT in Europe.Only companies registered to VAT can recover vat on purchases.

    Waiting to get another email from you in order i can send some more information about having a company in France.

    Best regards
    Camille

  34. Dear Camille, My husband and I want to start our own seperate businesses in France. He wants to start a small bakery/patisserie with a Salon de the and I want to do bed and breakfast with a small shop. We want to start as a micro enterprises as we cannot really state at this point the exact turnover and it is always good to start small. Could you please tell us if this is possible? We may start at different dates? Could you also indicate the amount we would have to pay as a fixed tax/social charge? We also wanted to know if there were any business loans available for small businesses here in France. In the U.K.it is is always possible to get business loans as we have a good track record with our U.K. banks. Question from harpal pollard on 30/08/2011

    Camille says:

    Dear Madam,

    To set up a Bed & Breafast activity, youc an certainly get subsidies from the Ministere of tourism in France. Have you got already a property in France ? The French Tourist board & "Gites de France" are very much involved in the growing activity in France.
    Regarding the project of your husband, i think it very necessary for him to start first by working in a "Boulangerie/Patisserie" in France to become familiar with the french way to manage such a demanding activity. Maybe on a commercial point of view it would be more efficient to buy an existing business much more than starting up a new one from scratch in order you can have a proper idea about profits & turnover from start. Locan Chamber of commerce are really demanding in new investments in french regions. Maybe the Franco-british chamber of Commerce in Paris could be of some help as they have local offices outside of Paris in regions. Give me a call at SEDI 00 33 1 34 05 07 71 if you wish that i give you some more contact details and telephone numbers to go further into your project.
    Best regards
    Camille

  35. Hi Camille I am an Installations Manager working for a major manufacturer of Point of Sale Units. We have had various requests to supply and install our equipment into various reatilers throughout France. In order to aid this we need to expand our installations department into France with warehouse facilities attached. I have begun my search by investigating properties suited to our needs but i am required to pitch my plan on how to achieve this to the board of directors. Can you assist me with details around the business rates, labour rates, electricity costs all of which i am finding difficult to obtain. Your help will be greatly appreciated as i am no way experienced with this Regards Question from Richard Summerton on 25/08/2011

    Camille says:

    Dear Sir,

    Off course we can help preparing business plan, and even help you being supported by the French development agencies to find warehouse facilities at a better price. We are well introduced with Paris development region and with Val D'oise. We have connections with Reims region and with Lyon; Where about do you wish to establish your branch or subsidiary ?
    We have lots of leaflets in english we could send to you under PDF formats but i have no email address to contact you. Please give us a call at 00 33 1 34 05 07 71 or email me direct to camillesedi@cegetel.net.
    Thanks for your questions,
    Best regards
    Camille

  36. My wife is looking to set up a small business teaching shildren english through music and play. She is looking to apply to be an auto-entrepenuer. My question is that she needs public liability insurance and we do not know where to get this? Can you help please Question from Richard Coote on 16/08/2011

    Camille says:

    Dear Sir,

    I suppose your wife wants to get established as an autoentrepreneur in France. You can get a quotation for public Liability Insurance from any Insurance broker. I do advise AXA. We are currently working wit AXA in Boulogne, Paris and we have a contact overthere who speaks english. I do emphasize the fact that she needs to be registered 1st as an autoentrepreneur, and she needs to be able to justify her qualification to get this Insurance regarding teaching children.
    If you wish to get the name and telephone number of our broker in Boulogne, do not hesitate to contact me at SEDI.
    Best regards
    Camille

  37. Hi, we are looking to run courses from our home in France and would like to know what the tax implications are.We currently run a business in the UK and would like to use this to promote the courses in both UK and France. This would mean being able to receive payments in either country. The courses would be all day affairs with lunch etc and limited to say 6 to 8 people at a time and would be held two or maybe three times a month. We would not be carrying out any other business activity from our french address. Question from Rik Newell on 24/07/2011

    Camille says:

    If you are working from your home in France and running courses there, then on a tax point of view, you are generating added value from France and then you are entittled to declare your turn over and costs in France for your french activity. To be able to do this, you have to set up either a branch of your UK company or a subsidiary or to declare yourself under your private name as an autoentrepreneur or self employed person...but what is clear is that the French Tax Office is requiring that any commercial activity taking place in France is declared & taxed in France ... even more if your residency is in France. Ref Convention de Rome 1980.

    Let me know if you wish to receive any information about the SARL structure, the branch structure or the autoentrepreneur structure by emailing us via sedigroup@aol.com

    Thanks & best regards
    Camille

  38. Camille, I am set up as a UK sole trader with no employees . My business is hiring out mountain bikes through internet bookings taken in GBP on a UK website. I would like to expand into the French Alps. 1) do i need to register for anything in France 2) do you have any other tips? Many Thanks Question from nick gowan on 06/06/2011

    Camille says:

    Good afternoon,

    Yes, to be able to provide the same services in France, you need to have a french company in France or a branch, who has a french vat number because you will generate a turn over in France and most of these services are for individuals. Will you provide the mountain bikes yourself or would you subcontract with any local company to provide the mountain bikes. If so, then it is not compulsory to establish your own entity in France, as your subcontractor will be already a french company dealing with the client and your subcontractor will raise invoices to yourselves for services provided.
    But keep in mind you will have to invoice your client with french vat as it is a local french service rendered and to be able to do so, you will have at least to register your company for VAT in France. Give me more details about how do you wish to organise your services from A to Z in order i can give you the most accurate answer on this.
    With our best regards
    Camille

  39. Dear Camille, I found your details after registering through Startup Overseas website. I am based in the UK and I am in the process of setting up an recruitment company. The nature of the business is such that I deal with clients and candidates who are based all over the world and therefore the majority of the work I do is via email and telephone. I am yet to register my company in the UK as I am yet to begin trading and I am also exploring opportunities of registering elsewhere in the world. Are there opportunities for small business owners to set up in Monaco? If so, is there any advice that you can offer. Best regards Tom Arnold Question from Tom Arnold on 22/04/2011

    Camille says:

    Sorry Tom, I have no specific qualification or experience in Monanco.
    Best regards
    Camille

  40. hello emploi commercial • Sir Madam I have experience of sales and retail products and marketing, customer service, I have ideas, talents and ambitions extend to you my request about the job of project management, sales, marketing and service products and customers Ask your attention to my request and help me to get the best business Waiting for the answer Thank you mr:driss Question from DRISS BRHIR on 22/03/2011

    Camille says:

    Hello Driss,
    Sorry, but we are not currently recruiting any additional employees.
    Good luck for your research,
    Best regards
    Camille

  41. We are US based company working in service industry doing customer support. We are looking for our business expansion in European market. Expansion will be by appointing agents and sharing revenue in some cases, We will be charging a nominal amount against the agent membership. What legal registration, tax liabilities etc are required before starting this. Please reply to linuxgpl@gmail.com Question from Amit Sharma on 16/03/2011

    Camille says:

    Dear Sir, Dear Madam,
    Regarding your business expansion in France through agents, you can directly contract with them if they are fully registered in France without establishing yourself a new company / subsidiary in France. You just need to be aware that regulations are very specific in France regarding notice periods and financial involvements even to agents so get all the information before signing with agents and be very precise when contracting with them. Liabilities are less important than when recruiting employees in France. If you wish to appoint your own agents through an employment contract, your agents will be submitted to french Labour Law. Then we'll have to register your company as a French employer and issue payroll on a monthly basis. Contact me directly to analyse more preciselly your project and prepare wage simulations.
    With our best regards
    Camille CRUZ NOGUEIRA
    SEDI

  42. Hello Camille, My husband and I are both independant IT consultants working in SAP, in the UK we had our own limited company. We have now moved our family to France, but could in theory work on contracts anywhere in Europe. We know we have to trnasfer our company to France but we do not know which is the best way to set ourselves up. Please could you advise us? Question from georgina mcgill on 13/03/2011

    Camille says:

    Dear Madam,
    To transfer a UK Company to France is impossible technically as regulations are not the same at all and Companies House are not connected one to the other. You need to find out what is the best legal structure for your activity from France : Auto entrepreneur, self employed, SARL...then you need to get yourselves registered properly. On the UK side, either you think you may have some needs to keep this company and you declare it dormant with the Companies House, or you require your UK company to be stroken off from the register. Form DS01.
    For choosing the best legal status for you i need more information than just a quick email as i have to know how you wish to protect also your own properties and to know what is your current status with Sécurité Sociale in France for you and your children.
    Do not hesitate to contact us by phone or to sedigroup@aol.com
    With our best regards
    Camille

  43. Dear Camille, our UK business wants to open a stock in France in order to serve French customers on next day delivery. All invoicing , accounts... would be done from UK and our French company will have a single employee with a French contract. The UK company will pay a monthly fee to cover the French overheads+staffing costs. I have 2 questions: 1/ what is the minimum profit the french structure must make to stay out of trouble? (first year can deficit be allowed? what is reasonnable after 3 years?). We want to do a maximum of profit from UK. 2/ How does VAT apply. All our customers are EU VAT registered . If we invoice from UK but ship from France, can we still invoice without VAT as long as our customer has a valid VAT number? Thanks in advance. Bastien Peyronnel Question from Bastien Peyronnel on 01/11/2010

    Camille says:

    Dear Sir,
    As your email is quite old now, i suppose you obtained your answer by now, but in case not .... :

    If your UK company wants to open a stock in France, it has to get VAT registered in France as a non resident company.
    Products being sold and sent from the UK are depending upon distance selling rules and limits in terms of VAT if not relating to EU transactions being taxed at 0% of VAT.

    Then, for the products being delivered from your french stock to France :
    Either your deliver individuals without VAT number , and then you have to invoice them with French VAT being 19.6 % for normal rate - but i do not know what types of products you are selling so this will have to be checked. If you are selling to companies being registered with french VAT from your french stock you can invoice as well without vat AS PER ARTICLE 283-1of the CODE GENERAL DES IMPOTS. Sales not subject to vat but products sold out via your stock in France have to be declared line 7A on your monthly VAT return.

    Hoping it will help, even if late,
    SEDI can also be appointd VAT agent for foreign companies, so do not hesitate to contact us dircetly if necessary at sedigroup@aol.com.
    Camille CRUZ NOGUEIRA

  44. Hello Camille, I am setting up a marketing company this autumn in the UK and then operating in a French ski resort for the Winter. My reasons are as follows; I have been told that as a Brit it is a lot easier to do so than set up a French company. My French is not very good. I have easy access to start up funding in the UK and i also plan on operating in the UK outwith the ski season. I have met with a couple of start up advisors who have told me that it is all possible but they dont know the inns and outs of it all. Does a British company need any special permission to operate in France, e.g. does it need to be registered with anyone such as the local mayor or the equivalent of HMRC? Also, i believe that a proportion of my taxes must be paid in the both the uk and also in France. How do i find out more information about this. thank you. Andy Question from Andy Jamieson on 07/06/2010

    Camille says:

    Dear Andy,
    If you provide intellectual services from the UK when working with France, no problem youc an do it from your UK company and invoice from your UK Company. But if physically you operate from France during the winter being there yourself, you need to be registered in France for your french activity . You can get registered as an autoentrepreneur if your turnover is not too high. Not as a self employed as i presume you are a UK resident in terms of country where you pay your income tax. You will have to declare through your self assessment in the UK how much you received as a foreign income in France and if you pay income tax at source in France, you can indicate it on the UK side in order not to be taxed twice. It have not occured to me at this stage that being non french resident is raising a problem when registering as an autoentrepreneur. If this is the case, you will have to establish a small Limited Liability company in France : SARL /EURL that will report under a simplified scheme in terms of profits & corporation tax.
    For more details and to go ahead please contact us directly,
    With our best regards
    Camille sedigroup@aol.com

  45. Camille, I am doing a report for my school on starting up a business in France. One of the main issues I am dealing with is attempting to find financing, for my company. The company is a Doggy Bakery. This is all Hypothetical of course but I am needing two separate financial institutions who would be willing to provide financing for a business such as this. Any help even just two banks with a specialty in helping small businesses start up in France. Anything you can help me with, would be so helpfully! Thank you very much! Kyle Shaughnessy AwesomeKyle82@yahoo.com Question from Kyle Shaughnessy on 04/06/2010

    Camille says:

    Hello Kyle,

    I know my answer is arriving quite late, but i suppose you have discovered that it is not so easy to get financing in France when setting up a new business, except when you are unemployed for quite a long time, or when you are setting up a business in specific sector of activities that are attractive for development agencies in terms of jobs creation & employment. Check any bank such as Credit Lyonnais, Credit Agricole, BNP.... finally what did you wrote in your school report ?
    Good luck for the future,
    Camille

  46. Good afternoon Camille, We are a major grower of fresh produce from South Africa and have had our main European office based in the UK for the last 25 years. We currently have two members of staff (French nationality)who sell 25% of our goods into Fench Supermarkets/wholesalers from here in the UK. We would like to expand our operations in Paris but the UK company would like to control all invoicing/payments/management accounts etc from the UK. The staff would like to work and be paid in euros but also still qualify for French Social Security etc. We are very confused what steps to take. We want to allow them to work in France but still control all activities from the UK. Any advise would be greatly appreciated Regards Question from Anonymous on 08/01/2010

    Camille says:

    Dear Sir, Dear Madam,

    Thank you for your email

    In this context,

    EITHER your employees are only representatives, and not fully autonom regarding the negociation of prices & volume with potential clients & existing clients and, then we can register them under the french system as employees called "RFE" = representatives of Foreign Companies, but you will have to accept that they are staying your employees with a French contract and with french social contributions to be paid

    OR, your two employees are really sales people negociating themselves prices, volume & organising transport without a high reporting level to your UK entity, and in this case, the french tax office really requires a stable establishment to be registered as a branch of your UK parent company. It means also that you can still invoice the clients from the UK directly, but a percentage of the sales will have to be re-allocated to your french branch to constitute the turn over generated in France. This percentage will have to really represent the part of the work done in France, and in case of a control you will have to be able to show a formal agreement written between France & the UK, explaining the way the calculation is done. If this percentage is too low, they may recalculate themselves based on the UK invoices directly. If the calculation and justification is fair, you will have no problem even if you have a profit & Loss being without any profit. In the case of a branch, french bookeeping has to be put in place, as well as french vat returns.

    Do not hesitate to give us a call 00 33 1 34 05 07 71or to email us directly to camillesedi@cegetel.net, if you wish we send to you relevant documentation in english about one of these status or both status.

    Keep us informed,

    Camille

  47. Hi, A simple question that I expect warrants a trying answer: is bureaucracy in France really as bad as I've heard? Any tips avoid the avoidable? Thanks so much, Steve Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Hello Steve,

    The complicated side of France comes from the fact we have a written Law, and everything seems to be regulated from a UK point of view. During the post years, national organizations have improved a lot their communication tools via internet, and even provide presentations in english !

    For exemple, regarding pension schemes, we have roughly 6 different ones depending upon your professional statute ( self employed / sole trader / employees / Director / civil servants ...). You have mainly one kind of pension scheme you can set up with financial advisers whatever is your statute.

    You will find website like www.impots.gouv.fr, or www.urssaf.fr, or even our website www.sedigroup.com very friendly to english speaking people !

    Just keep in mind that you need to be informed about rules before going ahead and everything will go smoothly.

    Best regards

    Camille CRUZ NOGUEIRA

    SEDI

  48. Hi Camille If you purchase an existing French business do you have to re-register the business as a new business or can you just change the business owner details? Thank you. Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Dear Sir,

    No need to re-register the business, but be certain that all legal documents have been drafted by a lawyer / Avocat or by a Notaire . Check in advance that VAT returns are updated with the Tax Office, and that financial statements are duly filed with the Companies House. I even advise that you require from the past owner that he deals with the update of legal papers before you finish to pay the amount agreed. It is quite complicated to amend legal documents in France & costly : Minutes, Amendment of the Memo & Art, Legal advert, & form M2 to be filed with the French Companies House ( greffe).

    If you need any help, do not hesitate to give me a call 00 33 1 34 05 07 71,

    Camille

  49. Hi, I am a sole-trader with an online business producing music backing tracks (working from home). I am re-locating to France, but am confused as to the implications this has for my business which I will be continuing. Although my client-base is international, most of my customers are British. My prices are displayed in GBP, and money is paid to my bank in GBP. I'm not sure what, if any, changes I need to make to my business as the only real change is where I will be located. Any advice would be much appreciated, as I can only find info on starting up a brand new business overseas, rather than relocating the base of an existing business. Many thanks! Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Dear Sir,

    If your activity will take place in France, the income generated by your work should be subject to French taxes ( EU Tax laws). Then, your UK sole trader legal status is no more valid, and you should register either as a sole trader in France, or set up a small company in France, or even register as an autoentrepreneur which is a brand new status depending upon the turn over you are generating per year.

    If you come back to the UK on a regular basis and can prove you still have anactivity in the UK, you may keep your registration in the UK, but you need at least to declare to the Inland revenue that you transfer your activity to France and up to which date.

    If your move to France is definitive, no choice than my first advice about registering a french legal structure. Our partner Chartered Accountant is more specialised than me in sole trader. I have more experience in incorporation and financial follow up / social follow up of companies. If you wish to speak with him, do not hesitate to give me a call and i will give you his details. He is based in Central Paris.

    Hope this will help,

    Camille

  50. Hi Camille I have heard of this new phrase Auto-Entrepreneur. What exactly does it mean? Thank you for your help. Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    The legal status of "auto-entrepreneur" is very similar to the one of "Entreprise Individuelle". Social contributions and taxes are at a fixed rate :

    social contributions 12 % for a trading activity / 21.3 % for services providers /18.3 % for sole-traders activities

    company taxes : EITHER added up to your taxable income to be submitted to the french income tax or being rated OR if the taxable income of your family is below a certain lever, the rate is fixed & based on the turn over : 1% for trading activities / 1.7% for services providers ( maximum CA 80 000 EUROS)/2.2% for other activities...

    If no turn over, there is no social contributions or taxes due ...

    Well, this legal status is interesting for small activities with a turn over below 100 000 euros & for individuals working alone. This status is not interesting for activities generating more than 100 000 euros, and aiming at recruiting employees or representants/subcontractors.

    No legal separation between the family life and the professional activity as incomes are added together. If some money is due to suppliers, the family life is also directly concerned, as accounts payable are payable by the individual himself.

    Do not hesitate to have a look at www.auto-entrepreneur.fr

    Best regards

    Camille

  51. Hi- I work for a New York based company that wants to expand to Europe. Can you point me in the right direction as far as paperwork is concerned? Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Dear Sir, Dear Madam,

    How your company wishes to expand : by purchasing a European company ? by recruiting a european representant : agent / employee / contractual agreement with a sole-trader / distributor ???by setting up a liaison office, a branch or a subsidiary. ( Have you got a european manager able to be appointed legal director in France) ???

    The Law is very different depending upon the choice done as well as legal papers required.

    We can send you for free, some leaflets in english presenting these various options. Please do not hesitate to contact me directly by email. I will download them under PDF formats for your company. You can also go to our website where some of the leaflets are online. To get the updated one dated 2009, i need to have an email address to send them to you.

    Best regards,

    Camille

  52. Dear Camille We are exhibiting at the “Now! Design à vivre” furniture Trade Fair at Paris Nord exhibition centre. They are charging VAT in their invoices. Could you please let me know about the procedures and how to recover the VAT. Thanks Colin Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Dear Colin

    VAT applications for refund can be send on a quarterly basis or on a yearly basis: all applications for year 2009 have to be submitted before the end of June 2010.
    Be careful to gather together all original invoices, and check that all invoices are well raised to your company name and to your company address in the UK. Please check also that VAT amount are well indicated on the invoice.

    We can assist you in reclaiming your VAT. if you would like our assistance please get in contact.

    Thanks
    Camille

  53. Hi We need to buy and sell Gasoil Jet Fuel in the UK by the end of the month. The commodity will not move and will stay in UK. We are a French registered company with a EU VAT number in France. What needs to be done & can you do the procedure for us? Of course, we are ready to pay for this service. Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Hello

    You have to be registered for VAT in the UK to be able to own goods in the UK, and to sell them from the UK. Please provide your KBIS (= certificate of incorporation in France) & the proof of registration to the French VAT. SEDI UK can be named as agent to comply with your VAT obligations.
    Thank you to provide a Proforma invoice in order to speed up the process of registration with the HMRC, due to the VAT to be paid to yourself and refunded to the VAT office after the sale has occurred.

    i hope this helps, Camille

  54. Hello Camille Your help will be great. We need information about the French VAT refunds. In fact, our application has totally been rejected because we are no longer submitted to the 8th directive because of French transactions relating to Article 283-1 of the French Tax Code. Therefore, we must register ourselves to French VAT with the Tax office for foreign companies. Our products are delivered from our offices in the UK to the warehouse located in Laval / France & then delivered to various French clients. If a client receives items from our own offices, should we invoice them with the British VAT, or with the French VAT ? Regards, Suzie Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Dear Suzie

    According to the rules within the EU, you have to justify the cross border of your goods between two European countries. If the products are delivered from the UK to France direct to a company registered to VAT in France, then you can invoice without any VAT relating to EU transfer of goods. If the products are delivered from the UK to private clients in France directly, you will have to invoice UK VAT up to a limit of 100 000 Euros of TO. If French individuals are delivered from your storage place in France , then the sales will be submitted to the French TVA. If clients being French companies registered to VAT in France are delivered from your French storage place, then no VAT will be invoiced as per ART 283/1, but these sales will have to be specifically declared on the French VAT form.

    If you require any additional information with this please call me - 0033 1 34 05 07 71.

    Regards, Camille

  55. Dear Camille We have been told that we should do a sales list / Intrastats . What does it contain? Does it include the good value which has been sold and delivered in Laval? Does it include the good value sold to all our clients? Or only the good value delivered to private customers? Many Thanks inca Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Dear Inca

    Every month you should complete the sales list (DEB in French) & send it to your local office of Customs. SEDI can provide this service. The DEB gives details about intra-EU movements of goods entering or leaving France. Items entering in France from your British office should be reported.

    Feel free to call me if your require assistance.

    Many Thanks

    Camille

  56. Dear Camille I have a couple of questions I would greatly appreciate your help and advice with. We need to register TVA in France. As we have very limited French language capability we would like to appoint an agent. We have deductible VAT from our supplier in France. Supplies in France, correspond to roughly 70% of our sales. So the amount of VAT is considerably less. Our accounting software is Mamut which is hosted online. Can I set up a database on Mamut with French VAT rates? After our VAT registration, should we do a yearly declaration form (including the payable VAT for our transaction with clients and the receivable VAT on our own purchases in France)? Thankyou in advance, Mark R Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Hi

    Thank you for the question.

    You do not really need to set up an accounting system for foreign VAT. You can just use your actual book keeping software if it enables you to work multi-currency & with various different rates of VAT, as Quickbooks Pro does. We use Quickbooks Pro for our UK clients and we can manage various VAT registration through it. If too complicated, an excel spreadsheet will do.

    Secondly, in France, as a non resident company (no stable establishments in France being either a branch or a subsidiary), you will have to submit a monthly VAT return and we should refer to correct reports from your internal accounting systems.

    Please either send me your number or call me and I explain to you in more detail.

    0033 1 34 05 07 71

    Thank you, Camille



  57. Hi Camille, We want to set up a SARL in France, a subsidiary of our UK business, within the next 10 days. We will put the minimum capital in from day 1 to incorporate the business. We will not be employing any staff initially, but using contractors. What do you need from me to start? many thanks,Chris Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Hi Chris

    Thankyou for the question.

    First of all, in France it takes more time than in UK to create a company – about 2 weeks from the receipt of all legal documents signed. We will be able to send you all incorporation documents in the middle of next week if you can send me the documents we need before next Tuesday. In France, you have to sign all legal documents and open a bank account before the incorporation to lodge your paid up capital first.
    In order to draft memorandum and articles, we need:

    • A copy of passport for each directors & shareholders + a proof of home address (utility bills) Civil status of each one (married, single, divorced…)
    • Proof of registered address for the new company or a domiciliation contract signed with us
    • Affidavit signed by the legal Director(s)
    • 50% of our fixed fee for the package of registration
    • Certificate from the Bank justifying that the paid up capital has been lodged at the Bank

    We advise you to put a minimum of 100€ but it really depends upon the type of business you wish to set up, and the type of financial expectations you have from Banks ( legal requirement 1 Euro). After fixing the amount, we need to know how many shares will be distributed to each shareholder to write it precisely in your French Memo & Arts.

    If you use subcontractors & not produce yourself anything, we will register your company to the Companies House directly without going through the process of registration with the Chamber des “Métiers”. In France, Companies Houses are numerous because there is one existing per region, and not only one for the whole country like in the UK.

    I hope this helps. If you need qany additional information or you would like us to help you please call -

    0033 1 34 05 07 71

    Thanks,

    Ian

  58. Dear Camille We are a Japanese company which imports French and American paints in order to sell them in the gallery. We need to create a liaison office in Paris as soon as possible to transfer over there one of our employee. In order to lower the expenses, our company wants to rent a flat on my behalf. It will be both my office and my place of residence. I would like to know the conditions for registering a company because it seems too complicated for me. Could you help me please for the procedures? Best Regards, R. Ashton Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Dear Robert

    Some points must be clarified: First, I invite you to get an appointment with the French Embassy in Japan and bring to them a copy of your employment contract as well as a letter confirming your transfer to France. It has to refer to your motivation and your strong skills. You will need to obtain first a work permit for France & a visa. After getting these documents, we need a translated copy of your employment contract & letter confirming the transfer in French or in English. The Employment law requires that we inform French social bodies about any employees transferred to France even if not submitted to French payroll and French social contributions during the first year ( renewable).
    I would appreciate if you could give me more details about your activity in France in order to advise your company about the best legal structure to go to on a tax point of view : resident or non resident activity.

    Please call me on 0033 1 34 05 07 71.

    Camille


  59. hello Camille Our company is based in the UK and plans to hire a French sales representative. He/she will be in charge of finding customers in France, but also in Belgium and North Africa. Could you give me more details about your services please regarding employment? Gary Question from Anonymous on 24/11/2009

    Camille says:

    Dear Gary

    SEDI assists both in France and in the UK, foreign companies wishing to expand to France and to the UK (cross-boarding projects). We are able to help your company regarding this employment in France including drafting of work contracts, issuing monthly payrolls, issuing quaterly returns for social contributions & paying on your behalf, registering to corporate schemes such as pension, life insurance, income protection & health ; I think that the RFE status could be a solution for you. Actually, it enables you to recruit local representatives and begin a local presence on the French market at a slow pace before anticipating the setting up a a branch or subsidiary. We need to check first what will be exactly the responsibilities of your employees in France.
    please send me your email address. You will receive by email our list of services, our corporate presentation and a leaflet about the RFE status.

    Kind Regards,

    Camille

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